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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education 2011;17(1):44-51.
Published online December 31, 2010.
Foreign Nurse Missionaries Starting Yonsei Nursing School
Lee, Chung-Yul;Cho, Yoon-Hee;Ko, Ji-Sook;Kim, Jung-Ae;
1Institute of Health Services Research, College of Nursing, Yonsei University
2College of Nursing, Eulji University
3College of Nursing, Yonsei University
4Department of Nursing, Kyungdong University
연세간호를 태동 시킨 외국 선교사들
이정열, 조윤희, 고지숙, 김정애
1연세대학교 간호대학
2을지대학교 간호학과
3연세대학교 간호대학
4경동대학교 간호학과
Abstract
Purpose
Nursing in Korea was started by foreign nurse missionaries. This study was intended to recognize the foreign nurse missionaries contribution with the development of Yonsei nursing education in Korea. Method: This study used an historical study approach. The study target was foreign nurse missionary contributions during 1895~1917. The data was collected from the existing historical nursing studies and Korean Mission Field. Result: Since A.P. Jacobson, the first nurse missionary from the North Mission branch in America in 1895, there were 16 missionaries sent to Korea. Among them, 14 missionaries worked for Severance Hospital Nurse Training School. 7 missionaries served less than 10 years and 5 missionaries stayed in Korea more than 20 years. E.L. Shields served the longest time with 42 years in Korea. They contributed not only in nursing education and services in the hospital, but also public health in the community. Conclusion: Foreign nurse missionaries were a cornerstone for nursing development in Korea. They contributed by not only starting nursing education, but also giving women freedom into Korean society. The historical research regarding foreign nurse missionaries during early 1900s helped to recognize their effort for Korean nursing and society.
Key Words: Foreign nurse missionaries, Korean nursing
 
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