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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education 2001;7(2):264-274.
Published online December 31, 2001.
Severity of Emergency Patient classified by Triage System
Bae, Jung-Hee;Sohn, Sue-Kyung;
1ER, Busan Medical Center
2Associate Professor, Dept. of Nursing Sceince, Kosin University
중증도 분류체계를 이용한 중증도분류(Triage)
배정희, 손수경
1부산의료원 응급실
2고신대학교 의학부 간호학과
About the patients who visited the emergency department of a hospital, investigative study was performed to assess and to classify them with triage tool, and to estimate the characteristics of them. 210 patients older than 15 years were investigated. Among them 11 patients who had responded inappropriately were excluded and remaining 210 patients were chosen as study subjects. Investigation had been performed for 30 days from Jan. 10, 2001 to Feb. 9, 2001. The triage tool was designed through the modification of triage tools developed by Kim and Choi. The data were analyzed with the SPSS program using mean, standard deviation, frequency, percentage, ANOVA and Scheffe's test. The results were as follows: 1. Of the characteristics of the study subjects, mean age of patients were 55.76 years and 70-79 years group which included 41 patients(20.6%) were most numerous. 101 (51.8%) patients visited emergency room by 119 emergency service and 91(45.7%) patients walked with assistance. 127 patients were cared in internal medicine department. 2. The distribution of triage scores were from minimum 6 points to maximum 18 points with mean $13.76{pm}2.58$ points. 3. Triage scores had significant relationship with age(F=13.349,P=0.000), visiting method (F=8.832, P=0.000), walking status(F=28.185, p=0.000), care department(F=2.596, P=0.019), and preexisting disease(F=12.012, P=0.000). 4. After trage there were no urgent patient, 35 emergent patients(17.6%),109 subemergent patients(54.8%), and 55 nonemergent patients (27.6%). The result of emergency care were 80 admission(40.2%), 59 discharge (29.6%), 34 ICU admission(17.1%), 14 transfer to other hospital(7%), 10 operation (5%), and 2 death (2%). 5. About the time required for triage, mean duration to triage were $7.54{pm}2.28$ mins in emergent patients, mean $7.23{pm}2.50$ mins in subemergent patients and mean $6.49{pm}2.19$ mins in nonemergent patients. There were no differences in duration to triage according to the severity of triage. 6. Time required in emergency treatment were mean $116.23{pm}88.10$ in emergent patients mean $101.61{pm}73.27$ in subemergent patients and mean $81.56{pm}61.01$ in nonemergent patients. There were no significant difference among groups. This study depicted that triage scores were below the middle level and there were many geriatric patients in this hospital. Among the characteristics of patients, age, visiting method, walking status, care department, and accompanying disease could be data for triage of emergency patients. With triage score of a patient, the outcome of emergency care of a patient could be anticipated and this could be basal data in determining the priority of emergency nursing.
Key Words: Triage, Emergency Patient, Severity
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